Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Volkov Yu.G., Kurbatov V.I., Hunagov R.D. Ntegration in a Multi-Ethnic Society: Ways, Modern Trends and Problem Nodes. Sociology. 2022. No. 1. Pp. 373-388.



Volkov Yu.G., Kurbatov V.I., Hunagov R.D. Ntegration in a Multi-Ethnic Society: Ways, Modern Trends and Problem Nodes. Sociology. 2022. No. 1. Pp. 373-388.
ISSN 1812-9226
DOI 10.24412/1812-9226-2022-1-373-388
: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=48094684

Posted on site: 17.12.22

/ URL: http://soziologi.ru/archive/?ELEMENT_ID=32856 ( 17.12.2022)


Abstract

This article discusses the problems of ethnic integration in a multiethnic society, which take place against the background of global world processes. It is shown that integration is carried out in different ways, the purpose of which is the formation of cultural pluralism, which is realized through such models as biculturalism, multiculturalism, interculturalism, transnationalism and the path of intercultural development. The characteristics of multiculturalism, which is an alternative to biculturalism, are given, its limitations are revealed. Interculturalism is considered as one of the ways of ethnic integration, which includes three interrelated elements: intercultural dialogue, flexibility of identity and asense of unity, considered as an alternative to multiculturalism. Adepts of this path of integration call interculturalism anew ideology of ethnic integration, while critics call interculturalism post-multiculturalism and just amodification of multiculturalism. Anew trend of ethnic integration in the form of transnationalization is considered, which realizes the idea of creating apublic space and expands the concept of cultural integration, while citizenship becomes the right of the country of residence. The pros and cons of polyethnicity are considered, both in the form of adevelopment resource and in the form of ethnic segregation, interethnic tension and conflicts. Anew trend is being formed in the form of state-civil integration, which is the basis for the formation of civil-state (national-civil) identity, for which the necessary conditions are required (adequate state national policy, rethinking in scientific and public discourse the essence of reducing ethnic hatred and social differentiation in state civic unity) and sufficient conditions that are implemented at the level of social feelings (which include feelings of social justice, asense of true social equality and equity, asense of responsibility, true real equality before the law). Only in the unity of necessary and sufficient conditions can an idea of true civil-national unity be formed, without which the real process of national-ethnic integration in amulti-ethnic society, in principle, cannot be realized. Discussion of these issues form problematic nodes of scientific research.