Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Podvoyskiy D.G. Dangerous modernity!, or the shadow play of modernity and its characters: instrumental rationality money technology (part 1). RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2021. Vol. 21. No. 4. P. 670696.



Podvoyskiy D.G. Dangerous modernity!, or the shadow play of modernity and its characters: instrumental rationality money technology (part 1). RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2021. Vol. 21. No. 4. P. 670696.
ISSN 2313-2272
DOI 10.22363/2313-2272-2021-21-4-670-696
: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=47359658

Posted on site: 08.12.21

URL: http://journals.rudn.ru/sociology/article/view/29612 ( 09.12.2021)


Abstract

The article is an essay on the critical analysis of one of the fundamental issues of social theory of the 19th 20th centuries alienation and its manifestations in modern societies. Alienation is interpreted not in one of its special meanings (such as alienation of labor, etc.), but in the broadest way as the transformation of products of individual and collective activities into an independent force that subjugates a person and transfers him from the position of the subject to the position of the object of social relations. Such a definition makes alienation a universal feature of social life. However, in different societies and in different historical periods, alienation can havevariable specific forms. The historically specific manifestations of alienation in modern societies can be explained by referring to the classical theme of their genesis. The originality of their institutional organization is largely associated with the originality of their culture and spiritual life (in particular, with the radical demarcation between human and nature, subject and object in the modern era). The multifaceted phenomenon of scientific and technical rationality, the product of the post-Renaissance Western-European culture, becomes a source of social realities and practicesfraught with alienation. The article illustrates it by a number of examples, including the logic and mechanisms of the capitalist money economy. The author refers to the heritage of world philosophy and social thought, which problematized and conceptualized the considered issues in various ways:the Frankfurt School, existentialist philosophers, pillars of theoretical sociology Karl Marx and Georg Simmel.