Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Zubok Yu.A., Chankova E.V. The dynamics of communication values in the communicative space of youth. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki = University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences. 2022;(1):18–30. (In Russ.). doi: 10.21685 ...



Zubok Yu.A., Chankova E.V. The dynamics of communication values in the communicative space of youth. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki = University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences. 2022;(1):18–30. (In Russ.). doi: 10.21685/2072-3016-2022-1-2
ISSN 2072-3016
DOI 10.21685/2072-3016-2022-1-2

Posted on site: 14.04.22

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Abstract

Background. The relevance of the study is determined by the dynamic processes of modern Russian society under the influence of various factors, the main of which is a pandemic. The study of the dynamics of the values of youth communication in the period from the pre-pandemic 2017 to the acute period of the pandemic in 2021 made it possible to identify such characteristics of the communicative space of young people that determine the vector of socio-cultural development and the near future of Russian society. The research goal is to identify the connection between the types of culture and values of communication in the characteristics of the communicative space of young people. Materials and methods. The concepts of social space by P. Bourdieu, the information society of M. Castells, the cultural space of young people and the socio-cultural mechanisms of the formation and reproduction of social reality by V.I. Chuprova and Yu.A. Zubok, the communicative competence of the individual in the changing social reality E.V. Chankova are used in the research. The research methodology is based on comparative analysis of data from two representative empirical studies of the Center for the Sociology of Youth of ISPI FNISTS RAS in 2017 (n = 803, young people aged 15–29 were interviewed in 28 settlements of 7 regions of the Russian Federation, the survey was carried out by the method of personal interview) and in 2021 (n = 1640, young people aged 15–29 were interviewed in 133 settlements of 11 regions of the Russian Federation, the survey was carried out by the method of personal interview). Results. The presented analysis reflects comparative data on the values of communication in terms of terminal and instrumental values. Terminal values include such target orientations as an internal need for communication, receiving joy and pleasure from mutual understanding. Instrumental values-means are aimed at equipping communication with specific methods and forms, at obtaining useful pragmatic results, including useful connections. The article presents in a comparative aspect the correlation dependence between the type of culture with which the respondents identify themselves and the values of communication that they declare as significant. Completes the empirical comparative presentation of data on the correlation between the values of communication of respondents and the amount of time they spend on the Internet. The empirical evidence presents a triad of relationships between the communication values that the young people surveyed assert themselves, the types of culture in which young people express their universal cultural needs – and how this is reflected in the amount of time they devote to the Internet. Conclusions. Based on the results of the research, it was concluded that the respondents were satisfied with typological cultural needs in communication; there is an increase in the share of terminal values in an approximately equal distribution across all types of youth culture indicate socially healthy processes in the youth communicative space. This trend should be viewed as a potential for overcoming a set of problems in modern Russian society in the context of the coronavirus infection COVID-19.

 

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