Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Datsyshen V. (2022). Problems of the Conflict on the CER in the works of Soviet scientists of the first half of the XX century. Problemy dalnego vostoka. no. 1, pp.180-191 DOI: 10.31857 ...



Datsyshen V. (2022). Problems of the Conflict on the CER in the works of Soviet scientists of the first half of the XX century. Problemy dalnego vostoka. no. 1, pp.180-191 DOI: 10.31857/S013128120018309-0
ISSN 0131-2812
DOI 10.31857/S013128120018309-0
РИНЦ: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=48083755

Posted on site: 29.04.22

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the problem of the Conflict on the Chinese Eastern Railway in the works of Soviet experts-orientalists - contemporaries of the events. The conflict on the CER is the Soviet-Chinese confrontation on the Chinese Eastern Railway, starting from 1924. The chronological framework is determined by the history of the CER Conflict - the period of the second half of the 1920s - early 1930s. Already at the end of 1924, the first conflict between the Soviet and Chinese sides of the road took place. The conflict on the CER in early 1926 moved to a qualitatively new level. The Sino-Soviet Conflict on the CER in 1929 was already a military conflict between the two countries. In the 1920-1930s. little attention was paid to this conflict in Soviet literature. The reason for the increased interest of the public and specialist experts in the Conflict on the CER was the sharp escalation of the conflict and the military events of 1929. As early as 1929, pamphlets describing the military conflict were published in Siberia, detailed materials appeared in periodicals on the problems of the Conflict on the CER. The source for the study was the publications of contemporaries of the events. The works of Soviet orientalists such as B.N. Melnikov, S.A. Dryzo, A.A. Ivanov, G.N. Zarkhin, G.B. Skalov, V.Ya. Aboltin. In addition, other publications of various authors devoted to the Soviet-Chinese Conflict on the CER in 1929 were considered. An analysis of the publications led to the conclusion that an extremely simplified picture of events was given in Soviet scientific and popular science literature, the analysis of problems was replaced by propaganda and ideological clichés , the authors reduced the causes of the conflict to the intrigues of external enemies.