Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Morgunov, E.V., Chernyavskiy, S.V., Solomoshchuk, A.N. & Fatullaev,S.T. (2022) Analysis of the potential of human development and the mutual influence of life expectancy and population density by regions of Russia. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekonomika Tomsk State University Journal of Economics. 59. pp. 3957. (In Russian). doi: 10.17223 ...



Morgunov, E.V., Chernyavskiy, S.V., Solomoshchuk, A.N. & Fatullaev,S.T. (2022) Analysis of the potential of human development and the mutual influence of life expectancy and population density by regions of Russia. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekonomika Tomsk State University Journal of Economics. 59. pp. 3957. (In Russian). doi: 10.17223/19988648/59/1
ISSN 1998-8648
DOI 10.17223/19988648/59/3
: https://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?id=49882192

Posted on site: 20.11.22

URL: https://scholar.google.ru/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=ru&user=d0_y1k8AAAAJ&sortby=pubdate&citation_for_view=d0_y1k8AAAAJ:t6usbXjVLHcC ( 20.11.2022)


Abstract

The article shows that there is no unambiguous interpretation of the conceptpotential, and therefore, within the framework of the objects of research (regions,countries), we proposed our own interpretation: potential is the most possible benchmark for the development of the countries of the world (regions of the country) inspecific (todays) socio-economic and other global and national conditions within theframework of the selected analytical indicator or indicator combination. We also analyzed the potential of human development by the indicator life expectancy and thedevelopment potential by the indicator population density in 85 subjects of the Russian Federation, and characterized the mutual influences of population density and lifeexpectancy by regions of Russia according to the data for 2020. In our research, weused the method of critical values, a number of methods of systems analysis, analytical and statistical analysis, first of all, the grouping method, index analysis, correlation and regression analysis. As a result of the conducted research, we found that inmodern Russian socioeconomic conditions: (1) the critical values of life expectancy inthe regions of Russia are 69.94 years (first quartile) and 70.66 years (median), and therealized regional potential in terms of life expectancy is 71.91 years (third quartile);(2) the subjects (regions) of the Russian Federation are characterized by high differentiation in population density from 4956.06 people per sq. km (Moscow) up to 0.007people per sq. km (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug), in connection with which we developed an authorial density index to reduce the level of differentiation of regionswithout losing the quality of regional data analytics on population density in Russia;(3) the critical values for the regions of Russia in terms of population density are5.12 people per sq. km (first quartile) and 22.36 people per sq. km (median), and therealized regional potential in terms of population density is 44.5 people per sq. km(third quartile); (4) the relationship between population density and life expectancy inthe regions of Russia is positive, but it is moderate, while the following dependenciesare characteristic for the subjects of the Russian Federation (on average): to ensure anaverage regional life expectancy (71 years), a population density of 30.5 people persquare km is necessary and sufficient, and regions with very high life expectancy (73 years) are characterized by population density in the range of 47 to 72.5 peopleper sq. km.