Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Mchedlova M.M., Guzelbaeva G.Y. (2022) Impact of the Pandemic on the Perception of the Professional Role of Doctor Among Medical Students. Monitoring of Pub lic Opi ni on: Eco no mic and So cial Chan ges. No. 6. P. 173194. https: ...



Mchedlova M.M., Guzelbaeva G.Y. (2022) Impact of the Pandemic on the Perception of the Professional Role of Doctor Among Medical Students. Monitoring of Pub lic Opi ni on: Eco no mic and So cial Chan ges. No. 6. P. 173194. https:// doi.org/10.14515/monitoring.2022.6.2286. (In Russ.)
ISSN 2219-5467
DOI 10.14515/monitoring.2022.6.2286

Posted on site: 11.01.23

/ URL: https://monitoringjournal.ru/index.php/monitoring/issue/view/139/74 ( 11.01.2023)


Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has made significant adjustments to the un-derstanding of the state and functioning of modern healthcare system in many countries of the world. The issues of the correlation between rationalization and commercialization of the medical sphere on the one hand and the requirements of selfless help and moral response from doctors on the other hand have become not just a matter of public debate, but a real challenge to the medical communi-ty. Students of medical specialties found themselves in a special situation. They got under the pressure of two causal complexes, namely, transformations in the educational process and the heavy The COVID-19 pandemic has made significant adjustments to the un-derstanding of the state and functioning of modern healthcare system in many countries of the world. The issues of the correlation between rationalization and commercialization of the medical sphere on the one hand and the requirements of selfless help and moral response from doctors on the other hand have become not just a matter of public debate, but a real challenge to the medical communi-ty. Students of medical specialties found themselves in a special situation. They got under the pressure of two causal complexes, namely, transformations in the educational process and the heavy burden of social and personal responsi-bility in the mobilization of the medical sphere.The paper focuses on the analysis of the following issues: reactions to emergen-cy mobilization to combat COVID-19; acceptance of new technologies in medical education and clinical practice; transformation of the meanings of the professional role of a doctor among medical students; the moral side of the profession and subjective meanings of medical profession; the impact of the re-ligious factor and demand for volunteer activities of medical students. A sociolog-ical study of mixed design was conducted in FebruaryMay 2022 and included the representative survey of students of medical faculties of Kazan and Moscow (N = 2084), 12 expert interviews with residents, teachers, and doctors, and 2 focus groups with medical students.The pandemic has demonstrated an unsatisfactory degree of acceptability of remote teaching methods for medical specialties. Medical education has tradi-tionally been associated with training in a clinical setting. Students and teachers had to adapt to the urgent introduction of distance learning and treatment, in-cluding the use of digital forms and tools. Medical students found themselves in a difficult situation of changing the tradi-tional meanings of the medical profes-sion. The pandemic redefined the status and meanings of medical profession, giving rise to the ambiguity of the choice between moral tasks and rational bene-fit; emphasized the disadvantages and benefits of digital education; highlighted the inability of commercialized medicine to cope with the challenges of the pan-demic. The experience of participating in the medical volunteer movement has become popular in dealing with covid pa-tients. Preliminary practical experience of providing medical care has been iden-tified as the main parameter of positive response to the call and participation in the work of red zones. Medical stu-dents have a polarized attitude to emer-gency mobilization to combat COVID-19. The complex epidemiological situation has had an impact on the prestige of the medical profession, but at the same time, it has exacerbated its moral bur-den including the increased demands of patients for emotional involvement of doctors