Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Mukomel Vladimir. Diaspora - Partner in the Development of Tajikistan. International Organization for Migration. Dushanbe. 2014. p. 147



Mukomel Vladimir. Diaspora - Partner in the Development of Tajikistan. International Organization for Migration. Dushanbe. 2014. p. 147

Posted on site: 20.07.15

. : , http://www.iom.tj


Abstract

This study focuses on the following: (a) mapping of the diaspora; (b) identifying its members attitudes, life plans and migration strategies; (c) members willingness to contribute to the development of the country; (d) identifying the possible directions and channels of assistance; and (e) development of fundamental objectives of policy in engaging the diaspora in the development of Tajikistan. The study, which includes both quantitative and qualitative methods (a survey of 725 representatives of the diaspora2 and in-depth interviews with 25 experts who are members of the diaspora), was conducted in the summer of 2014 in three Russian cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg. The most important characteristics of the Tajik diaspora transformation in the Russian Federation at the present are the following: (a) the rapid growth of its population due to labour migrants settling and linking their future and their respective familys future with the Russian Federation; (b) the qualitative changes in its structure, accompanied by a shift in the social and demographic profiles of the diaspora; (c) transformation of long-term strategies of migratory behaviour that involves the growing number of those who intend to stay in the Russian Federation, and of circular migrants, among whom the number of long-term migrants is increasing; (d) change in the behaviour of Tajiks on the labour market, followed by diversification of employment; (e) accumulation of the initial capital; (f) and increasing social segregation in the Tajik diaspora. Recommendations on policymaking in engaging the diaspora in the development of Tajikistan were worked out in eight main areas: (a) building trust between the diaspora and Tajikistan authorities; (b) improving organization and communications with the diaspora; (c) development of financial instruments for attracting resources of the diaspora; (d) development of measures in promoting direct investments; (e) change in the tax regime; (f) efficient use of the diasporas human capital; (g) measures on increasing the symbolic capital of the diaspora members; and (h) specific measures in using the diasporas resources, particularly by engaging the diaspora in tourism development programmes

Content (in russ)