Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Tcherednitchenko G. Russian high school in transformation (the sisuation in Moscow)Revu detudes comparatives Est-Ouest, 2000, vol. 31, 3. P 99-125. URL:http: ...



Tcherednitchenko G. Russian high school in transformation (the sisuation in Moscow)Revu detudes comparatives Est-Ouest, 2000, vol. 31, 3. P 99-125. URL:http://www.persee.fr/doc/receo_0338-0599_2000_num_31_3_3041
ISBN 2-222-96697-3

Posted on site: 16.11.16


Abstract

The new situation in secondary education since the early 1990s is described through examples of schools in Moscow. The social transformation in Russia has led, at an ever faster pace, to abandoning the unified school system in favor of developing specialized schools and course, as well as private schools with the claim of respecting student diversity. This multiplication of schools, in fact intended for a new elite of leaders and specialists who are willing to pay so their children receive a better education and improve their chances for admission into post-secondary institutions, is intensifying social differentiation, a trend already observable in the late 1980s. It is reinforced by the fact that the state has increasingly withdrawn its financial backing from the public school system and that it has replaced the principle of equality, which is used to try to promote, with freedom and pluralism in education. On the basic of two surveys, the increasing severity of selection procedures as applied to school students is analyzed as well as students trajectories as a function of their social and cultural backgrounds

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