Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Markin V., Rogovaia A. Diasporas and countrymens communities of Caucasian ethnoses in regions of Russia (a case study in the regions of West Siberia, Volga, and South Russia). Monitoring of Law Enforcement, 2017, No. 4, pp. 120-130.



Markin V., Rogovaia A. Diasporas and countrymens communities of Caucasian ethnoses in regions of Russia (a case study in the regions of West Siberia, Volga, and South Russia). Monitoring of Law Enforcement, 2017, No. 4, pp. 120-130.
ISSN 2412-8163
DOI 10.21681/2226-0682-2017-4-120-130

Posted on site: 05.02.18


Abstract

The main trends of relations between ethnic diasporic and countrymens groups (communities) in polyethnic regional environments are shown in the paper using the example of Caucasus communities. The work is based on the analysis of materials of a poll of 115 experts carried out in 2015 in six subjects of the Russian Federation taken as model regions (Tyumen Oblast, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Krasnodar Krai, Republic of Adygea, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast), their comparison with statistical data and the results of previous mass polls. The concepts of diasporic and ethnic countrymens group (community) are separated. It is educed that their composition is heterogeneous, in particular, nuclear (traditional, old) as well as new (newcomers) parts of these communities are identified. An assessment is given for the role of migration processes in bringing new people to diasporic and countrymens groups (communities). Various types of social-cum-spatial and social-cum-territorial confi guration of the place taken by diasporic and countrymens communities in the regional structure using geo-information technologies and sociological modelling with the presentation of relevant maps are presented and analysed. Two main types of identifi cation strategies of these communities are identified: integration of countrymens associations and accommodation, including acculturation, of ethnic diasporic groups (communities). The main factors and resources of relations between diasporic and countrymens communities with the local population are considered. Attention is drawn to stereotypes in the perception of ethnic group relations. In the conclusion, the main lines of further research and development of prognostic models of interethnic relations in Russian regions considering the identification strategies of ethnic diasporic and countrymens groups (communities) are defined.