Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Ermolaeva P. O., Yanitsky O. N., Basheva O. A., Ermolaeva Y. V., Kuznetsova I. B. (2019) Social and environmental 'sustainability through changes' of Russian mega-cities: the search for theoretical and methodological approaches.. Monitoring of Public Opinion : Economic and Social Changes. No. 2. P. 8094. https: ...



Ermolaeva P. O., Yanitsky O. N., Basheva O. A., Ermolaeva Y. V., Kuznetsova I. B. (2019) Social and environmental `sustainability through changes` of Russian mega-cities: the search for theoretical and methodological approaches.. Monitoring of Public Opinion : Economic and Social Changes. No. 2. P. 8094. https://doi.org/10.14515/monitoring.2019.2.04.
ISSN 2219-5467
DOI 10.14515/monitoring.2019.2.04

Posted on site: 15.05.19

URL: https://www.monitoringjournal.ru/index.php/monitoring/article/view/174 ( 15.05.2019)


Abstract

The article is aimed at critical understanding of the conceptual foundations of the study of social and environmental sustainability and urban transformations based on the concept of green city, the analysis of the historical, social, economic and political contexts of the development of such cities for Russia, as well as relevant theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the sustainability through changes of Russian mega-cities based on the meta-analysis of more than 150 peer-reviewed papers. The green city in Russian context is a city, combining high efficiency and innovation; a city in which the best living conditions of its population have been created (given the existing limitations and opportunities), a city that can survive in response to global changes. Among the main features of the development of green cities in Russia, the authors highlighted their double transformation, direct connection with modern geopolitical processes in the world and the state's resource policy, rapid informatization and digitalization, exacerbation of old and emerging environmental risks (primarily problems waste disposal in large cities). Analysis of the existing methodologies for measuring the sustainability of Russian cities showed that all of them are based on quantitative (statistical) data, which on the one hand is their advantage, making their results maximally objective, but on the other hand, is a drawback, because due to the delay in the publication of statistics or even its absence, it does not allow to observe the annual dynamics. The authors believe that the main theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the green city in the modern Russian context should be problem-oriented and interdiscipli nary approaches, including the concept of socio-bio-technical systems, the socio-ecological metabolism approach, sustainability transitions framework and the related middle-range theories. Under the framework of these approaches, changes in urban systems are understood, firstly, as complex, dynamic, systemic (changes occur immediately in a variety of systems) and nonlinear processes, and, secondly, the trajectories of changes arise from joint interactions between multiple systems.