Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Ryazantsev S.V., Pismennaya E.E., Vorobeva O.D. The Euro-Asian migration corridor: theoretical as-pects, assess the magnitude and key characteristics. Nauchnoe obozrenie. Seriya 1. Jekonomika i par-vо [Scientific Review. Series 1. Economics and Law]. 2020. Nо. 3-4. Р. 5-18. DOI: 10.26653 ...



Ryazantsev S.V., Pismennaya E.E., Vorobeva O.D. The Euro-Asian migration corridor: theoretical as-pects, assess the magnitude and key characteristics. Nauchnoe obozrenie. Seriya 1. Jekonomika i par-vо [Scientific Review. Series 1. Economics and Law]. 2020. Nо. 3-4. Р. 5-18. DOI: 10.26653/2076-4650-2020-3-4- 01. (in Russ.)
ISSN 2076-4650
DOI 10.26653/2076-4650-2020-3-4-01

Posted on site: 09.06.20

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Abstract

The article discusses theoretical approaches to the concept of «migration system» and migra-tion corridor, discussed in foreign and Russian scientific literature. Key theories and studies of migration systems in modern domestic and foreign science are considered. In this context, the definition and con-tent of the concept of «migration corridor» as a form of sustainable migration links between sending and receiving countries is also being developed. The Eurasian migration corridor as a part of the Eurasian migration subsystem is theoretically justified and statistically described. It is also noted that the Slavic and Caucasian migration corridors have been formed in the post-Soviet space. It is noted that the Euro-Asian migration corridor was formed on the basis of stable migration flows between the Central Asian countries and the Russian Federation, which are characterized by large-scale flows of labor and educa-tional migrants in favor of Russia and significant amounts of money transfers in favor of sending coun-tries. The migration flows that make up the Euro-Asian migration corridor are dominated by temporary forms of migration, primarily labor and educational. The key migration channels of the Euro-Asian mi-gration corridor are assessed in terms of participation of citizens of five Central Asian countries — Ka-zakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The article highlights the peculiarities of the transformation of temporary forms of migration into permanent residence in Russia and the partic-ipation of citizens of the region in them. The positive and negative aspects of labor migration from Cen-tral Asia to Russia for sending countries in the region are highlighted.