Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Tykanova E., Tenisheva K. (2020) V plenu effekta sosedstva: sotsialnyy kapital i aktivizm v novykh anklavnykh zhilishchnykh kompleksakh [Trapped by the neighborhood effect: social capital and activism in the new enclave condominiums]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 23(2): 735 (in Russian). https: ...



Tykanova E., Tenisheva K. (2020) V plenu effekta sosedstva: sotsialnyy kapital i aktivizm v novykh anklavnykh zhilishchnykh kompleksakh [Trapped by the neighborhood effect: social capital and activism in the new enclave condominiums]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 23(2): 735 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2020.23.2.1
ISSN 2306-6946
DOI 10.31119/jssa.2020.23.2.1

Posted on site: 24.08.20

URL: http://jourssa.ru/sites/all/files/volumes/2020_2/Tykanova_Tenisheva_2020_2.pdf ( 24.08.2020)


Abstract

For Russia, the emergence of the enclaved high-rise housing complexes on the outskirts of big cities is a comparatively new phenomenon. It is closely knit with the peculiarities of the domestic construction and housing policy. Th e inhabitants of these districts face the necessity to solve multiple issues related to substantial infrastructure problems. Th ese include access to social services and public transportation, technical maintenance of the houses, territory beautifi cation. Th e process of the solution to these problems may lead to the cooperation of the inhabitants. Th e aim of the article is to investigate the relationship between the social characteristics of the tenants of these condominiums in a large Russian city with their readiness to participate in the solution of the neighborhood problems, e.g. in the neighborhood activism. In particular, we focus on the relation between the neighborhood eff ect, measured as diverse confi gurations of the inhabitants social capital forms, and the neighborhood collective effi cacy the readiness to conduct a collective action for the sake of common neighborhood good. Th e study is based on the original data collected in a street poll of the inhabitants of three large enclaved condominiums in the outskirts of St.Petersburg (Severnaya Dolina, Sem Stolic and London). Statistical analysis included the simple bivariate statistics and logistic regression. Th e results confi rm the main hypothesis that the features of the social capital of the inhabitants are related to their knowledge of and participation in the neighborhood activities. Authors accept the limitation of the study: we are unable to prove the causality of the discovered eff ect, especially taking into account its hypo thetically endogenous nature. For Russia, the emergence of the enclaved high-rise housing complexes on the outskirts of big cities is a comparatively new phenomenon. It is closely knit with the peculiarities of the domestic construction and housing policy. The inhabitants of these districts face the necessity to solve multiple issues related to substantial infrastructure problems. These include access to social services and public transportation, technical maintenance of the houses, territory beautification. The process of the solution to these problems may lead to the cooperation of the inhabitants. The aim of the article is tovinvestigate the relationship between the social characteristics of the tenants of thesevcondominiums in a large Russian city with their readiness to participate in the solution of the neighborhood problems, e.g. in the neighborhood activism. In particular, we focus on the relation between the neighborhood effect, measured as diverse configurations of the inhabitants social capital forms, and the neighborhood collective efficacy the readiness to conduct a collective action for the sake of common neighborhood good. The study is based on the original data collected in a street poll of the inhabitants of three large enclaved condominiums in the outskirts of St.Petersburg (Severnaya Dolina, Sem Stolic and London). Statistical analysis included the simple bivariate statistics and logistic regression. The results confirm the main hypothesis that the features of the social capital of the inhabitants are related to their knowledge of and participation in the neighborhood activities. Authors accept the limitation of the study: we are unable to prove the causality ofthe discovered effect, especially taking into account its hypothetically endogenous nature.