Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Yanitsky O. (2020). The Actual Problems of Russian Science. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost (4), pp. 107-117 DOI: 10.31857



Yanitsky O. (2020). The Actual Problems of Russian Science. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost (4), pp. 107-117 DOI: 10.31857/S086904990010753-0
ISSN 0869-0499
DOI 10.31857/S086904990010753-0

Posted on site: 21.09.20


Abstract

The article is discussing the actual problems of Russian science in the light of the past and ongoing transformations. Drawing on the analysis of the scientific sources, the relationships between the science and media institutions as well as on my own 50 year experience as the researcher, I came to the following conclusions. First: the gap between the results of scientific research and the media is still widened. Second: a majority of Russian scientific schools continue to develop in a monodisciplinary manner while a world science slow but steady acquires an interdisciplinary character. Third: a time gap between a scientific discovery and its comprehension by the secondary and higher schools and the productive forces is remained. Four: such necessary tie between the scientific discoveries and their popularizing, so strong in the Soviet times, has practically disappeared. Five: the optimal and the most efficient mode of the mastering of new knowledges and crafts by means of the triad scienceteachingpractice has been replaced by a quick and partial re-teaching at the working place. Six: recently only separate researchers are capable to reanimate the tie scientific discoveringsocial practice which our great thinkers as M. Lomonosow, V. Vernadsky, P. Kapitza and many others saw necessary. Seven: today the science and the media have different languages of communication. Therefore, a direct translation of a new knowledge into a society by means of the media is impossible. Eight: the gap between a growing interest of a global community to so-called techno-science and a diminishing attention to the biological and social consequences is growing, and the current pandemia is one of the results of it.