Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Rutkevich, E. D. (2020), Religion, No religion and Spirituality of the Nones: Issues of definition and study, Research Result. Sociology and Management, 6 (3), 29-48, DOI: 10.18413 ...



Rutkevich, E. D. (2020), Religion, No religion and Spirituality of the Nones: Issues of definition and study, Research Result. Sociology and Management, 6 (3), 29-48, DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2020-6-3-0-2.
ISSN 2408-9338
DOI 10.18413/2408-9338-2020-6-3-0-2
: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44261708

Posted on site: 18.11.20

URL: http://rrsociology.ru/journal/annotation/2144/ ( 18.11.2020)


Abstract

In recent decades, in many Western countries, the number of nones has been growing rapidly. The nones are respondents who in surveys and studies of religiousness say they are religiously unaffiliated, have no religion or religious preferences. Their rapid growth has been observed in many Christian countries from the U.S. to Australia, and this is along with a decline in those who identify themselves as Christians. Because they represent a rapidly growing segment of the Western world's population, it is important to understand what they represent, their attitude toward religion, disbelief and spirituality. Can they be considered absolutely unbelievers and secular, or is their no religion more indicative of a denial of religion as such, religious institutions and authorities? Today, the question of religious affiliation and identity has a theoretical, political and legal dimension, and is of particular importance against the background of polarization of Western societies, the emergence of a new cultural majority in the face of the non-religious population, and the mobilization of new and old religions. The article presents an overview of the studies related to the growth of nones in different countries; considers the problems of their definition, classification and self-identification, including among the young generations, which prove to be the driving force behind the growth of nones, which is most characterized by a combination of incompatible elements; it is noted that the identity of nones is largely characterized by a combination of the non-religious, religious and spiritual, which is a sign of a complex (non)religious identity of modern mankind.