Institute of Sociology
of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Aleksandrova O.A., Yarasheva A.V. Expert assessments of the problems of professional training of doctors. Megalopolis health, 2020, No. 1, pp. 31-37.

Aleksandrova O.A., Yarasheva A.V. Expert assessments of the problems of professional training of doctors. Megalopolis health, 2020, No. 1, pp. 31-37.
ISSN 2713-2617
DOI 10.47619/

Posted on site: 01.12.20



The study is devoted to the analysis of the expectations and strategies of individuals in their economic behavior. Aim. To identify the main trends in the transformation of behavioral patterns of the population in the field of economic decision-making, primarily in the process of implementing savings strategies. Tasks. Compare the data from 2007 (2010) to 2019 on: the structure of the use of cash incomes, the assessment by the population of the favorable conditions for making large purchases and generating savings, on the availability of savings and their growth opportunities, on the minimum amount and purpose of savings. Methodology. In the study, such research methods were used as the collection and comparative analysis of data from statistics service, the National Agency for Financial Research (NAFI), the Public Opinion Foundation (POF), as well as the results of the Institute of Socio- Economic Studies of Population of the Russian Academy of Sciences study, which characterize a number of directions of monetary behavior of Russians. Results. The dynamics of changes in economic strategies and population expectations for the study period is shown. The results of the analysis of the data published by Rosstat are confirmed by the results of sociological surveys: Russians increasingly prefer to practice conservative economic strategies and the lack of optimism in their forecasts. With respect to savings models, there is a noticeable decrease in opportunities for savings and for assessing the size of the amount itself, called savings. Conclusions. The transformation of the economic behavior of the population is influenced by factors related to both rational reasons for making certain decisions and mental (psychological) motives for choosing a strategy. Changes in the patterns of saving behavior most often studied by Russian scientists are caused by socio-economic factors (external impact) and acquired practical experience (internal impact). One of the tasks of the state policy in the field of health care is to improve the quality of medical services for the population, to increase the requirements for the competencies of medical personnel, on the results of whose activities public health depends. In this regard, the efficiency of organizing the processes of basic training and retraining (additional education) of doctors acquires a special role. The aim of the study. Revealing urgent problems of professional training of doctors for the capital's health care. Methodology. Sociological research in the form of a series of expert interviews. Results. On the basis of the systematization of the information obtained by the authors in the course of the study, imperfections in the organization of the educational process in obtaining higher medical education are determined. Discussion. Professional training of doctors is a dynamically developing system, the effectiveness of which ultimately affects the quality of medical services provided to the population. Conclusion. Solving the problems associated with improving the content of curricula in medical universities, organizing the educational process and monitoring knowledge requires careful research and search for approaches that meet modern realities.